… health inequities, which are defined as health inequalities that are systematic, socially produced (and therefore modifiable) and unfair. Health inequities are the result of the circumstances in which people grow, live, work and age and the health systems they can access, which in turn are shaped by broader political, social and economic forces. They are not distributed randomly, but rather show a consistent pattern across the population, often by socioeconomic status or geographical location.
Source: World Health Organization, The WHO Centre for Health Development, Kobe, and United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN HABITAT) (2010) Hidden Cities. Unmasking And Overcoming Health Inequities In Urban Settings. Page XIII. https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=gXqgaPtPzrQC&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&ots=Ma2MmSOan2&sig=Z7OlSoanBDR073C_PjQ9jbgoIT8&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
Health Inequities systematically put groups of people who are already socially disadvantaged (for example, by virtue of being poor, female, and/or members of a disenfranchised racial, ethnic, or religious group) at further disadvantage with respect to their health. (page 256)
The concept of health equity focuses attention on the distribution of resources and other processes that drive a particular kind of health inequality—that is, a systematic inequality in health (or in its social determinants) between more and less advantaged social groups, In other words, a health inequality that is unjust or unfair. (page 255)
Source: Braveman P, Gruskin S (2003) Defining equity in health. J Epidemiol Community Health 2003; 57: 254-258. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1732430/pdf/v057p00254.pdf
Example of the term in use:
The aim of this proposed framework is to aid in assessing whether adaptation targets current inequities and determinants of health that may reduce unequally distributed health outcomes. To evaluate health-related climate change adaptation for its climate justice contribution, the theoretical framework draws from two main concepts: (i) health inequity and (ii) resilience to climatic changes.
Boeckmann M, Zeeb H (2016) Justice and Equity Implications of Climate Change Adaptation: A Theoretical Evaluation Framework. Healthcare (Basel) 4(3): 65. Published online 2016 Sep 7. doi: [10.3390/healthcare4030065] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5041066/