populations

15 08, 2019

Paper of the Week: 15th August 2019 – Why productivity isn’t enough

2019-08-15T06:25:59+00:00

This week's paper of the week is brought to you by Dr Tim Wilson, Managing Director Full reference and title from the journal: Atella, V., Belotti, F., Bojke, C., Castelli, A., Grašič, K., Kopinska, J., … Street, A. (2019). How health policy shapes healthcare sector productivity? Evidence from Italy and UK. Health Policy, 123(1), 27–36. WEB LINK TO PAPER Authors conclusion Productivity growth is measured as the rate of change in outputs over the rate of change in inputs. We find that the overall NHS productivity growth index increased by 10% over the whole period, at an average of 1.39% per year, while SSN productivity increased overall by 5%, at an average of 0.73% per year. Our results [...]

Paper of the Week: 15th August 2019 – Why productivity isn’t enough2019-08-15T06:25:59+00:00
8 08, 2019

Thursday 8th August 2019 Paper of the Week: What is fair in healthcare

2019-08-08T13:29:03+00:00

This week's paper of the week is brought to you by Dr Tim Wilson, Managing Director Full reference and title from the journal: Chamberlain, C., Owen-Smith, A., MacKichan, F., Donovan, J. L., & Hollingworth, W. (2019). “What’s fair to an individual is not always fair to a population”: a qualitative study of patients and their health professionals using the Cancer Drugs Fund. Health Policy, 123(8), 706–712. WEB LINK TO PAPER Authors conclusion While patients and oncologists appreciated the drugs available through the Cancer Drugs Fund, most expressed concern about its fairness. Competing participant views about the added value of the end of life is challenging for resource allocation.   3V bottom line  Fairness in healthcare needs us to [...]

Thursday 8th August 2019 Paper of the Week: What is fair in healthcare2019-08-08T13:29:03+00:00
22 07, 2019

Paper of the Week – 22nd July 2019: The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Cost-of-Care Conversations

2019-07-22T06:46:10+00:00

  This weeks blog is brought to you by: Professor Sir Muir Gray, Founding Director. Authors conclusion Cost-conversation practice certainly will not make us perfect, given the logistical and informational barriers that exist. However, it will move us closer to the kind of patient-centered care that characterizes the ideals of our profession.   Text from the paper chosen by 3VH (this may, or may not be the ‘conclusion’) Out-of-pocket expenditures have increased rapidly in the United States over the past decade. In 2018, 29% of people with private insurance were enrolled in high-deductible health plans, compared with just 4% in 2006. Out-of-pocket costs are high for many publicly insured people, too. Medicare beneficiaries with cancer who do not [...]

Paper of the Week – 22nd July 2019: The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Cost-of-Care Conversations2019-07-22T06:46:10+00:00
5 07, 2019

Paper of the Week 5th July 2019: The inverse care law continues to thrive in the NHS for vascular surgery (and probably more)

2019-07-05T17:19:32+00:00

Giuseppe Moscelli, Luigi Siciliani, Nils Gutacker, Richard Cookson (2018) Socioeconomic inequality of access to healthcare: Does choice explain the gradient? Journal of Health Economics, 57, 290–314.   This week's blog is brought to you by: Dr Tim Wilson   Bottom Line For planned vascular surgery, there is inequity in NHS provision for people living in the poorest and wealthiest neighbourhoods, representing an addressable cause of lower value.   Authors conclusion Equity of access is a key policy objective in publicly-funded healthcare systems. However, observed inequalities of access by socioeconomic status may result from differences in patients’ choices. Using data on non-emergency coronary revascularisation procedures in the English National Health Service, we found substantive differences in waiting times within [...]

Paper of the Week 5th July 2019: The inverse care law continues to thrive in the NHS for vascular surgery (and probably more)2019-07-05T17:19:32+00:00
28 06, 2019

Paper of the Week 28th June 2019: The Precision of Evidence Needed to Practice “Precision Medicine”

2019-06-28T12:29:34+00:00

    This weeks Paper of the Week is brought to you by: Professor Sir Muir Gray   Author’s Conclusion “In July 2018, the Journal published the results of TAILORx (Trial Assigning Individualized Option for Treatment).1 This randomized trial conducted by Sparano et al. showed the noninferiority of endocrine therapy to chemoendocrine therapy with respect to invasive disease–free survival among women with hormone-receptor–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)–negative, axillary node–negative breast cancer who had a recurrence score (based on a 21-gene assay) of 11 to 25 (scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores predicting a higher risk of distant recurrence)… Less than a year later, we are publishing additional results from the same data [...]

Paper of the Week 28th June 2019: The Precision of Evidence Needed to Practice “Precision Medicine”2019-06-28T12:29:34+00:00
21 06, 2019

Paper of the Week 21st June 2019: What Are Polygenic Scores and Why Are They Important?

2019-06-21T09:24:07+00:00

Full reference: Sugrue L.P. and Rahul S. Desikan, R.S JAMA May 14, 2019 Volume 321, Number 18 1820 -1821 This weeks blog is brought to you by: Professor Sir Muir Gray WEB LINK TO PAPER Authors conclusion - Text from the paper chosen by 3VH Value “The value of polygenic risk scores cannot be assessed until the clinical utility has been established through research studies that evaluate their use in clinical practice and therapeutic trials. Companies are already offering these tests directly to consumers at costs ranging from one to a few hundred dollars. As whole-exomesequencing and whole genomesequencing become less expensive and more widely available, it should be possible to compute any polygenic score from an individual’s [...]

Paper of the Week 21st June 2019: What Are Polygenic Scores and Why Are They Important?2019-06-21T09:24:07+00:00
14 06, 2019

Paper of the Week: The health equity measurement framework: a comprehensive model to measure social inequities in health

2019-06-14T11:26:50+00:00

Full reference: Dover D.C. and Belon A.P.(2019) International Journal for Equity in Health 18;36 WEB LINK TO PAPER   This weeks blog is brought to you by: Professor Sir Muir Gray, Founding Director   Authors conclusion; Text from the paper chosen by 3VH. This paper presented a complex, overarching measurement framework for health equity.  The HEMF is a synthesis of existing SDOH (Social Determinants of Health) and health system utilisation frameworks and current literature.  Yet, its purpose extends to focus on measurement. It is specifically designed to help identify and measure the interrelationships between political and socio-cultural context, health system-related policies and programs, material and social circumstances, environment, biological and psychosocial factors, perceived and evaluated needs, social location, [...]

Paper of the Week: The health equity measurement framework: a comprehensive model to measure social inequities in health2019-06-14T11:26:50+00:00
7 06, 2019

Paper of the Week: Optimality in cancer redefined for the 21st century

2019-06-07T08:00:07+00:00

This weeks blog is brought to you by: Sir Muir Gray, Founding Director   Authors conclusion “I’ve always had a peculiar fascination for the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve. As a researcher, I appreciate that the area under the curve can be precisely mapped, so that different screening or diagnostic tests can be meaningfully compared. This lovely interweaving of my clinical and academic perspectives took an unexpected turn just over a year ago, when I was diagnosed with breast cancer. I hadn’t reckoned on the price of treatment. The complications. The treatment of complications. The side effects of the treatment of complications. The sepsis. The relapsing, migratory pneumonia from radiation-induced lung injury. The sleep deprivation, agitation, and bone loss [...]

Paper of the Week: Optimality in cancer redefined for the 21st century2019-06-07T08:00:07+00:00
10 05, 2019

Paper of the Week: 10th May 2019: Better payment systems can support, but not replace, culture change

2019-05-10T08:24:07+00:00

  Full reference: Maryland’s Experiment With Capitated Payments For Rural Hospitals: Large Reductions In Hospital-Based Care. Jesse M. Pines, Sonal Vats, Mark S. Zocchi, Bernard Black. (2019) HEALTH AFFAIRS . Vol. 38, NO. 4 Link to Paper This week’s blog is brought to you by: Dr Tim Wilson, Managing Director Authors conclusion Inpatient admissions and outpatient services fell sharply at [study] hospitals, increasingly so over the period that [capitated payment] was in effect. Emergency department (ED) admission rates declined 12 percent, direct (non-ED) admissions fell 23 percent, ambulatory surgery center visits fell 45 percent, and outpatient clinic visits and services fell 40 percent. However, for residents of [capitated payment] counties, visits to all Maryland hospitals fell by lesser amounts and Medicare spending increased, [...]

Paper of the Week: 10th May 2019: Better payment systems can support, but not replace, culture change2019-05-10T08:24:07+00:00
27 03, 2019

Paper of the Week 27.03.2019: Toward Precision Policy — The Case of Cardiovascular Care

2019-03-27T16:12:11+00:00

This week’s paper of the week is brought to you by Professor Sir Muir Gray, 3V’s Founding Director. Author’s conclusion “If we are serious about improving quality of care and patient outcomes — whether mortality, readmissions, or patient centered [clinical] outcomes such as freedom from angina or heart failure symptoms — we have a responsibility to ensure that policies are grounded in evidence. We believe it’s imperative that before policies are implemented widely, rigorous studies be conducted to determine whether they achieve their goals. In addition to taking an evidence- first approach to policy implementation, we can better target policies toward specific diseases… As we move toward precision medicine and the delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic advances individualized [...]

Paper of the Week 27.03.2019: Toward Precision Policy — The Case of Cardiovascular Care2019-03-27T16:12:11+00:00