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10 05, 2019

Paper of the Week: 10th May 2019: Better payment systems can support, but not replace, culture change

2019-05-10T08:24:07+00:00

  Full reference: Maryland’s Experiment With Capitated Payments For Rural Hospitals: Large Reductions In Hospital-Based Care. Jesse M. Pines, Sonal Vats, Mark S. Zocchi, Bernard Black. (2019) HEALTH AFFAIRS . Vol. 38, NO. 4 Link to Paper This week’s blog is brought to you by: Dr Tim Wilson, Managing Director Authors conclusion Inpatient admissions and outpatient services fell sharply at [study] hospitals, increasingly so over the period that [capitated payment] was in effect. Emergency department (ED) admission rates declined 12 percent, direct (non-ED) admissions fell 23 percent, ambulatory surgery center visits fell 45 percent, and outpatient clinic visits and services fell 40 percent. However, for residents of [capitated payment] counties, visits to all Maryland hospitals fell by lesser amounts and Medicare spending increased, [...]

Paper of the Week: 10th May 2019: Better payment systems can support, but not replace, culture change2019-05-10T08:24:07+00:00
26 04, 2019

Paper of the Week: 26th April 2019: Shared Decision Making and the Importance of Time

2019-04-26T12:46:40+00:00

  For many professionals, and almost all patients , the value of time is more precious than money Full reference: Pieterse A.M., Stiggelbout A.M.,  Montori V.M. JAMA. Published online April 19, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3785 This weeks Paper of the Week is brought to you by Sir Muir Gray, Founding Director. WEB LINK TO PAPER Authors conclusion “health care professionals, patient advocates, health care systems, and policy makers need to recognise that time is not simply a resource, its minutes indifferent and interchangeable like dollars or euros. A minute spent in providing information may turn out to be less important than a minute spent waiting silently for patient questions, or a minute responding emphatically to angst and loss, or a [...]

Paper of the Week: 26th April 2019: Shared Decision Making and the Importance of Time2019-04-26T12:46:40+00:00
11 04, 2019

Paper of the Week: 11.04.2019: Breast Cancer Treatment, what to start, what to stop?

2019-04-11T17:36:53+00:00

Full Reference: Overall Survival with Fulvestrant plus Anastrozole in Metastatic Breast Cancer, Rita S. Mehta, Et al, N Engl J Med 2019; 380:1226-1234, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1811714 Web link to Paper  This week’s blog is brought to you by: Dr Tim Wilson Authors conclusion In this trial, we found that combination therapy with anastrozole plus fulvestrant significantly prolonged, as compared with treatment with anastrozole alone, the primary and secondary end points of progression-free survival (P=0.007) and long-term overall survival (P=0.03) when used as first-line therapy for hormone-receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women. 3VH - Implications for value Another promising treatment emerges for breast cancer. Not a cure, but one that prolongs survival from 42 to 49.8 months in women [...]

Paper of the Week: 11.04.2019: Breast Cancer Treatment, what to start, what to stop?2019-04-11T17:36:53+00:00
3 04, 2019

Paper of the Week: 03.04.2019: Serving individuals and populations within integrated care systems

2019-04-03T13:59:01+00:00

Full reference: Moses, H., Matheson, D. H. M., & Poste, G. (2019). Serving Individuals and Populations Within Integrated Health Systems. JAMA. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.2929 WEB LINK TO PAPER    This week’s blog is brought to you by: Dr Tim Wilson Authors conclusion "Despite their successes, a central question is whether the IHS model can meet the needs of all patients, particularly the aging population or patients with chronic illnesses who now account for 84% of health care spending and whose numbers are projected to triple by 2040" 3VH - Implications for value This article takes a look at integrated care in the US and contains many lessons for health services internationally. The first, unintended, lesson is that when communicating about [...]

Paper of the Week: 03.04.2019: Serving individuals and populations within integrated care systems2019-04-03T13:59:01+00:00
27 03, 2019

Paper of the Week 27.03.2019: Toward Precision Policy — The Case of Cardiovascular Care

2019-03-27T16:12:11+00:00

This week’s paper of the week is brought to you by Professor Sir Muir Gray, 3V’s Founding Director. Author’s conclusion “If we are serious about improving quality of care and patient outcomes — whether mortality, readmissions, or patient centered [clinical] outcomes such as freedom from angina or heart failure symptoms — we have a responsibility to ensure that policies are grounded in evidence. We believe it’s imperative that before policies are implemented widely, rigorous studies be conducted to determine whether they achieve their goals. In addition to taking an evidence- first approach to policy implementation, we can better target policies toward specific diseases… As we move toward precision medicine and the delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic advances individualized [...]

Paper of the Week 27.03.2019: Toward Precision Policy — The Case of Cardiovascular Care2019-03-27T16:12:11+00:00
21 03, 2019

Paper of the Week 21.03.2019: Bilateral versus Single Internal-Thoracic-Artery Grafts at 10 Years

2019-03-21T16:17:14+00:00

  This week’s paper of the week is brought to you by Professor Sir Muir Gray, 3V's Founding Director. Bottom line, chosen by Muir from the paper Among patients who were scheduled for CABG and had been randomly assigned to undergo bilateral or single internal-thoracic-artery grafting, there was no significant between-group difference in the rate of death from any cause at 10 years in the intention-to-treat analysis. The conclusion is This study shows that in the case of CABG more in healthcare is often no better. Once again Avedis Donabedian’s illustration about optimality has been demonstrated. Implications for value improvement  This is another example of the principle first described by Avedis Donabedian and expressed through his diagrammatic representation [...]

Paper of the Week 21.03.2019: Bilateral versus Single Internal-Thoracic-Artery Grafts at 10 Years2019-03-21T16:17:14+00:00
14 03, 2019

Paper of the Week 14.03.2019: Digital Smoking Cessation

2019-03-14T11:01:16+00:00

  Reference: Tang, J., & Liao, Y. (2018). Effectiveness of a text messaging-based smoking cessation intervention (Happy Quit) in China: a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 392, S6.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32635-7 This week’s paper of the week is brought to you by Dr Tim Wilson, 3V’s Managing Director. Bottom line, chosen by Tim from the paper “a mobile phone-based text messaging intervention (Happy Quit), with either high-frequency or low-frequency messaging, is effective to Chinese cigarette smokers. It should be considered for inclusion in smoking cessation services. … One limitation is that we could not prevent participants from using other smoking cessation services.” Smoking cessations services are generally going to be a higher value intervention, so finding lower cost ways of [...]

Paper of the Week 14.03.2019: Digital Smoking Cessation2019-03-14T11:01:16+00:00
7 03, 2019

Paper of the Week 07.03.2019: Future Directions in Valuing Benefits for Estimating QALYs: Is Time Up for the EQ-5D?

2019-03-07T12:21:36+00:00

Reference: Brazier J. E. et al (2019  This week’s paper of the week is brought to you by Professor Sir Muir Gray, 3V’s Founding Director. Bottom line, chosen by Muir from the paper This raises the issue of what is meant by “well-being.” A broad conception of well-being is how well an individual’s life is going on. Subjective well-being (SWB) has been described or categorised into 3 types: hedonism (well-being increases when an individual experiences more pleasure and/or less pain), flourishing theories (well-being increases when an individual fulfils their nature as a human being, or “flourishes”), and life evaluation or life satisfaction (well-being increases when an individual positively assesses his or her life). The notion of SWB is [...]

Paper of the Week 07.03.2019: Future Directions in Valuing Benefits for Estimating QALYs: Is Time Up for the EQ-5D?2019-03-07T12:21:36+00:00
1 03, 2019

Paper of the week 27.02.19: Has the NHS Long Term Plan forgotten we are all going to die?

2019-03-01T11:14:40+00:00

Reference: Has the Long Term Plan forgotten we are all going to die? (Bleakley T., Smith R., Taylor R) This week’s paper of the week is brought to you by Professor Sir Muir Gray, 3V’s Founding Director. Bottom line, chosen by Muir from the paper "One certainty is that there will be a lot of dying in the next 10 years as the baby boomers become the dying boomers... Increasingly, people endure slow deaths of frailty, often with dementia in the final years. Increased life expectancy is generally regarded as a cause for celebration, but many people fear dependency and dementia more than they fear death... Between a quarter and a third of health-care expenditure is for care [...]

Paper of the week 27.02.19: Has the NHS Long Term Plan forgotten we are all going to die?2019-03-01T11:14:40+00:00
22 02, 2019

Paper of the week 22.02.19: Efficacy and safety of statin therapy in older people

2019-02-22T14:46:52+00:00

Reference: Efficacy and safety of statin therapy in older people: a meta-analysis of individual participant data from 28 randomised controlled trials. This week’s paper of the week is brought to you by Professor Sir Muir Gray, 3V’s Founding Director. Bottom line, chosen by Muir from the paper Statin therapy has been shown to reduce major vascular events and vascular mortality in a wide range of individuals, but there is uncertainty about its efficacy and safety among older people… Statin therapy produces significant reductions in major vascular events irrespective of age, but there is less direct evidence of benefit among patients older than 75 years who do not already have evidence of occlusive vascular disease. This limitation is now being [...]

Paper of the week 22.02.19: Efficacy and safety of statin therapy in older people2019-02-22T14:46:52+00:00
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